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How to install GUI For Amazon linux2 and access the GUI Session

How to install GUI For Amazon linux2 and access the GUI Session

Venketraman
·Jul 26, 2021·

3 min read

Play this article

Here i am going to explain how to install amazon linux 2 GUI and access the Instance GUI Mode

Amazon linux is the famous cloud linux os distibution its also available now for on-permises.

If you have know how to launch the linux instance continue this article.or have doubt on it. read my below article.

Here i am going to install MATE Desktop environment package.

connect your instance through ssh. and update the OS.

sudo yum update -y

1. Install MATE Packages and configure

now we are going to install MATE Desktop package its part of amazon linux extras package.

sudo amazon-linux-extras install mate-desktop1.x -y

all the MATE packages installed .

Output:

image.png

now we are going to set MATE Desktop is default desktop for all the users .

sudo bash -c 'echo PREFERRED=/usr/bin/mate-session > /etc/sysconfig/desktop'

optional

If you want set this MATE Desktop environment for only ec2-user.

echo "/usr/bin/mate-session" > ~/.Xclients && chmod +x ~/.Xclients

2. Install TightVNC server and configure

Install TigerVNC packages:

sudo yum install tigervnc-server

Result will be

image.png

now we are going to configure vnc password for authentication.

vncpasswd

Its asking vnc remote access enter it. again it asking vnc view only password set it.

Output:

image.png

Optional

If you want to access the server via vnc viewer only once execute this

vncserver :1

if you want always start the VNC Server at boot time.

execute this

sudo cp /lib/systemd/system/vncserver@.service /etc/systemd/system/vncserver@.service

Use sed command to replace ec2-user where USER in the config file .

sudo sed -i 's/<USER>/ec2-user/' /etc/systemd/system/vncserver@.service

reload the system Damoen

sudo systemctl daemon-reload

now we want to enble the seervice for sysyem start up.

sudo systemctl enable vncserver@:1

and start the service

sudo systemctl start vncserver@:1

finally reboot your instance.

sudo init 6

image.png

3. install tight vnc viewer on your desktop and configure

First we want to download vnc viewr fromthe below link and install it.

then connect our ec2 instacne with SSH Client with the below command.

Use the -L parameter to enable port forwarding. Replace PEM_FILE with the path for your private key. Replace INSTANCE_IP with your instance's public or private IP

ssh -L 5901:localhost:5901 -i aws.pem ec2-user@13.233.250.154

image.png

now your made the connection with your instance in cli.

now we are going to open our server via vnc viewer.

open vnc viewer and enter in the hostname filed.

localhost:1

image.png

image.png

enter the created vnc password in password field and connect it.

image.png

Ye , Finally we connected our Amazon linux 2 instance in GUI Mode.

image.png

image.png

image.png

its done.

Optional

4.Install chrome browser

sudo amazon-linux-extras install epel

sudo yum install chromium

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